Folktales Notes

  • literally the tales of the “folk” told orally

  • Types of folktales:

  • cumulative tale – repetitive tales that were added on to as the story progressed (i.e. The Gingerbread Man)

  • pourquoi tale – tale used to explain why animals or humans have certain characteristics (i.e. Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People’s Ears)

  • trickster tale – a smaller, weaker character tricks a larger, more powerful character

  • fairy tale (i.e. Rumpelstiltskin)

  • beast tale – most characters are animals who behave like humans (i.e. The Three Bears)


Some Colonial Terms

Yes = aye (pronounced “eye”)

No =  nay

C’mon = come come

really? = in faith?

relax = take your ease

over there = yonder

watch out = make way

expensive = dear

hello = good day

greeting a person:

girl = miss

boy or man = sir

married woman or older = madame

Critical Thinking: The Fighting Ground

Directions: Answer the following questions using complete sentences.


  1. Do you think Jonathan’s feelings have changed about war? How?
  2. Describe the setting during today’s reading.
  3. If you were the author, what would you change about the story?
  4. If you were to rename the book, what would you call it?
  5. What would happen if the main character was a girl?
  6. What is your opinion of the book so far? Why?